A needle inserts dyed ink into the skin which gets permanent and cannot be removed easily. Permanent tattoos last for a lifetime.
How permanent tattoos are removed
Laser removal of Tattoo
This is the most preferred removal technique of tattoo with negligible side effects. The laser removes the tattoo by flouting up the colors of ink pigment colors with a high-intensity light beam.
i) Passive Laser Treatment
It is a cheaper way to get rid of a tattoo; this technique will only fade the tattoo. This technique is offered to a person by tattoo salons or beauty clinics.
ii) Active Laser Treatment
An Active Q-Switched (AQS) laser technique for removal of tattoos is considered very ideal by dermatologists. It requires sittings and it also has the minimal scarring risk. If proper aftercare is followed, it will restore to health within 6-12 months.
Intense Pulsed Light Therapy
Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) Therapy utilizes a broad spectrum light which removes the skin top layer which is called epidermis. It breaks the pigments present in the tattoo into smaller components, which are absorbed then into the bloodstream and are taken away from the site. Thereby the affected area of skin heals by the skin regeneration.
This method is very often used in removing skin cancers and is also used in the removal of tattoos. During this process, the inked area of skin is open to the elements to extremely cold temperature by spraying a freezing-agent. Liquid nitrogen is very commonly used in doing so. The area is further sanded through dermabrasion for removing the skin top layers. It is performed using a general anesthesia since it is extremely painful. The biggest drawback is it might damage not only the tattooed area but also the skin tissue.