Thyroid And Pregnancy: Everything You Need To Know


If a parent is suffering from thyroid disorder, children might get it too. Apart from this, there could be many reasons for thyroids such as family history, it is critical to manage all the symptoms before planning the conception. Generally, couples do not plan to get a thyroid test as they plan pregnancy or they do not know that thyroid tests are important. If detected with the thyroid, same must be treated with medications and blood investigations to be done to monitor the proper levels. Untreated thyroid can create complications.

Also read: These 7 Foods Might Decrease Fertility In Women

Thyroid test should be done before pregnancy planning

Besides mandatory tests while planning pregnancy, thyroid tests too have importance to have a safe pregnancy. Regular monitoring of the TSH level every three weeks in pregnancy becomes very crucial. At the times the pregnancy, vitamins or pregnancy vitamins can alter the thyroid level and so it is very ideal to have gaps of at least 5 hours in between consuming thyroid medications and taking vitamins.

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It is important for doctors to monitor conditions, during pregnancy of the woman. Non-treatment could cause premature birth, hypertension, or even stillbirth.

Also read: 7 Expert Tips for a Healthy Pregnancy You Should Keep in Mind

Things to watch out post-delivery

Thyroid before and in pregnancy is common, however postpartum thyroiditis and thyroid after delivery. After the mother gives birth, the postpartum thyroiditis is very common and is critical among women with the autoimmune thyroid disease as it could cause severe complication. Once mother delivers the symptoms of postpartum, thyroiditis develops in 6 months and can be difficult to identify.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism

  • Weight gain and fatigue
  • Muscle cramp
  • Difficulty concentration
  • Sensitivity to cold temperature

Early symptoms of postpartum thyroiditis:

  • Disturbance in sleep pattern, irrigational behavior, fatigue, and uneven heartbeat.
  • Women must experience skin dryness, low on energy, constipation, and cramps or pains.
  • Hypothyroidism could disrupt breastfeeding, but hormone replacement therapy could help in treating this condition.

Eating habits and thyroid care tips during pregnancy

  • Consuming green & leafy vegetables like cabbage and kale is beneficial.
  • Food high in iodine is avoidable
  • Consuming protein-rich foods like eggs, lean meat is good to keep the levels
  • Walking, yoga, and meditation for around 30 -45 minutes could make difference in keeping the weight and thyroid in control.
  • A healthy diet coupled with exercises can result in a smooth pregnancy & delivery. There is no doubt that the healthy lifestyle could make remarkable difference to pregnancy journey. Couples should get thyroid test done even before planning a smooth pregnancy & healthy childbirth.

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